Analyzing Korean Elementary School Teachers’ Arm Muscle Models as Scientific Models

Dongryeul KIMMC900432627[1]

Prof. Dr., Daegu National University of Education, Daegu-REPUBLIC of KOREA, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0129-9644

Received: 24.12.2017                       Revised: 30.12.2018                         Accepted: 16.01.2019

The original language of article is English (v.16, n.1, March 2019, pp.34-47, doi: 10.12973/tused.10264a)

Reference: Kim, D. (2019).  Analyzing Korean elementary school teachers’ arm muscle models as scientific models. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 16(1), 34-47.


The aim of this study was to analyze pre-service elementary school teachers’ Arm Muscle models and elementary school teachers' evaluation viewpoints of their Arm Muscle models as scientific models. The sample of this study consisted of 24 pre-service elementary school and 12 elementary school teachers. Pre-service elementary school teachers, who were divided into three groups, directly developed 3 Arm Muscle models. 12 elementary school teachers evaluated their developed 3 Arm Muscle models as scientific models. Most of elementary school teachers suggested that three models helped pre-service elementary school teachers conceptually understand the relationship between muscles and bone. Also, the results indicated that pre-service elementary school teachers made three models by visually imitating the shapes of real bone and muscle tendons. Further, elementary school teachers evaluated pre-service elementary school teachers' efforts given visual similarities between actual bone and muscle tendons Most of elementary school teachers addressed that these 3 Arm Muscle models were practically good at acting as an automatic model. The current study recommends that modifying these models may increase their scientific values in the future.

Keywords: Arm Muscle models, elementary teachers, science education, scientific models.

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