Ethical Principles and Publication Policy

Ethical Principles and Publication Policy

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. Therefore, it is of the utmost importance that all parties included in the publication process (authors, readers and researchers, publisher, reviewers and editors) comply with the standards of ethical considerations. TUSED expects all parties to hold the following ethical responsibilities.
The following ethical duties and responsibilities have been prepared in the light of the guide and policies made by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Ethical Responsibilities of the Editors
The Editor of the TUSED is expected to hold the ethical duties and responsibilities as presented in of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and "COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors".

General duties and responsibilities of editors

Editors should be accountable for everything published in their journals. Editors should

  • strive to meet the needs of readers and authors;
  • strive to constantly improve their journal;
  • have processes in place to assure the quality of the material they publish;
  • champion freedom of expression;
  • maintain the integrity of the academic record;
  • preclude business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards;
  • always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.

Relations with readers

Editors must make decisions taking into consideration the knowledge, skills, and expectations of all readers, researchers and practitioners need. They must also ensure that the published studies contribute to the literature and be original. Readers should be informed about who has funded research or other scholarly work and whether the funders had any role in the research and its publication and, if so, what this was.

Relations with authors

Editors’ decisions to accept or reject a paper for publication should be based on the paper’s importance, originality and clarity, and the study’s validity and its relevance to the remit of the journal.
Editors should not reverse decisions to accept submissions unless serious problems are identified with the submission.
New editors should not overturn decisions to publish submissions made by the previous editor unless serious problems are identified.
A description of Blind review and peer review processes should be published, and editors should be ready to justify any important deviation from the described processes.
Journals should have a declared mechanism for authors to appeal against editorial decisions.
Editors should publish guidance to authors on everything that is expected of them. This guidance should be regularly updated and should refer or link to this code.
Editors should provide guidance about criteria for authorship and/or who should be listed as a contributor following the standards within the relevant field. Authors should be provided with explanatory and informative feedback.

Relations with reviewers

  • Editors should provide guidance to reviewers on everything that is expected of them including the need to handle submitted material in confidence. This guidance should be regularly updated and should refer or link to this code.
  • Editors should require reviewers to disclose any potential competing interests before agreeing to review a submission.
  • Editors should have systems to ensure that peer reviewers’ identities are protected unless they use an open review system that is declared to authors and reviewers.

Relations with editorial board members

  • Editors should provide new editorial board members with guidelines on everything that is expected of them and should keep existing members updated on new policies and developments.

Relations with journal owners and publishers

  • The relationship of editors to publishers and owners is often complex but should be based firmly on the principle of editorial independence.
  • Editors should make decisions on which articles to publish based on quality and suitability for the journal and without interference from the journal owner/publisher.
  • The terms of the relation between publisher and TUSED editor should be in line with the COPE journal management. 

Editorial and peer review processes

  • Editors should strive to ensure that peer review at their journal is fair, unbiased and timely.
  • Editors should have systems to ensure that material submitted to their journal remains confidential while under review.
  • Editors should take all reasonable steps to ensure the quality of the material they publish, recognizing that journals and sections within journals will have different aims and standards.

Protecting individual data

  • Editors should always protect the confidentiality of individual information obtained in the course of research or professional interactions.
    Encouraging ethical research (e.g. research involving humans)
  • Editors should endeavor to ensure that research they publish was carried out according to the relevant internationally accepted guidelines.
  • Editors should seek assurances that all research has been approved by an appropriate body (e.g. research ethics committee, institutional review board) where one exists. However, editors should recognize that such approval does not guarantee that the research is ethical.

Dealing with possible misconduct

  • Editors have a duty to act if they suspect misconduct or if an allegation of misconduct is brought to them. This duty extends to both published and unpublished papers.
  • Editors should first seek a response from those suspected of misconduct. If they are not satisfied with the response, they should ask the relevant employers or institution, or some appropriate body (perhaps a regulatory body or national research integrity organization) to investigate.
  • Editors should make all reasonable efforts to ensure that a proper investigation into alleged misconduct is conducted; if this does not happen, editors should make all reasonable attempts to persist in obtaining a resolution to the problem.

Ensuring the integrity of the academic record

  • Errors, inaccurate or misleading statements must be corrected promptly and with due prominence.

Intellectual property

  • Editors should be alert to intellectual property issues and handle potential breaches of intellectual property laws and conventions.


  • Editors should respond promptly to complaints and should ensure there is a way for dissatisfied complainants to take complaints further.

Commercial considerations

  • Commercial considerations should not affect editorial decisions.

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors
Article submissions to TUSED are conducted through the TUSED online journal management system. Submissions via email are not accepted.
Authors wishing to submit their work to TUSED should upload all the necessary submission documents in the required format (manuscript without author details, cover page with author details, similarity report, signed permission granted by the relevant ethical research committee, article copyright form, article submission form). The review process will not be started in the event of missing documents.
Authors are expected to hold to the ethical duties and responsibilities as presented in the Responsible research publication: international standards for authors guidelines published via open access by COPE.

  • The research being reported should have been conducted in an ethical and responsible manner and should comply with all relevant legislation.
  • Researchers should present their results clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation.
  • Researchers should strive to describe their methods clearly and unambiguously so that their findings can be confirmed by others.
  • For manuscripts reporting that involve human participants, a statement identifying the ethics committee that approved the study and confirmation that the study conforms to recognized standards is required.
  • Author(s) should document that they have the participants' consent and the necessary permissions related to the sharing and research/analysis of the data that are used.

  • Researchers should adhere to publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarized, and has not been published elsewhere.
  • Authors should take collective responsibility for submitted and published work.
  • The authorship of research publications should accurately reflect individuals’ contributions to the work and its reporting.
  • Funding sources and relevant conflicts of interest should be disclosed.
  • Please check the ethical issues about your work (e.g. plagiarism etc.) 
  • Ethical Responsibilities of Peer Reviewers
    To guarantee an independent and objective review, TUSED employs a double-blind peer-review process. This process is managed through the TUSED electronic journal management system, and communication between peer reviewers and authors is mediated by the relevant section editor. In this respect, TUSED expects peer reviewers to hold to the ethical duties and responsibilities as presented by COPE in the Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers.
    Peer reviewers should:
  • only agree to review manuscripts for which they have the subject expertise required to carry out a proper assessment and which they can assess in a timely manner
  • respect the confidentiality of peer review and not reveal any details of a manuscript or its review, during or after the peer-review process, beyond those that are released by the journal
  • not use information obtained during the peer-review process for their own or any other person’s or organization’s advantage, or to disadvantage or discredit others
  • declare all potential conflicting interests, seeking advice from the journal if they are unsure whether something constitutes a relevant interest
  • not allow their reviews to be influenced by the origins of a manuscript, by the nationality, religious or political beliefs, gender or other characteristics of the authors, or by commercial considerations
  • be objective and constructive in their reviews, refraining from being hostile or inflammatory and from making libelous or derogatory personal comments
  • acknowledge that peer review is largely a reciprocal endeavor and undertake to carry out their fair share of reviewing and in a timely manner
  • provide journals with personal and professional information that is accurate and a true representation of their expertise
  • recognize that impersonation of another individual during the review process is considered serious misconduct.

Ethical Responsibilities of the Publisher
Ekip Büro Makineleri Ltd. Şti., the publisher of TUSED is a company that has no profit on TUSED. In accordance with its founding philosophy, Ekip Büro Makineleri Ltd. Şti. publishes TUSED with the aim of publishing and disseminating original and current scientific research on teaching and education at international standards. Ekip Büro Makineleri Ltd. Şti. is aware that it must observe the ethical responsibilities below in line with COPE journal management recommendations.

  • The editor is responsible for processing all the manuscripts submitted to TUSED.
  • The editor ensures independent decisions.
  • Ekip Büro Makineleri Ltd. Şti. reserves all rights of ownership and copyright and is responsible for keeping records of every publication.
  • The editor is responsible for preventing any kind of scientific misconduct, predatory behavior, and plagiarism.

Open Acess Policy
The manuscripts submitted to TUSED for publication should be original and not have been published before or not submitted anywhere else for publication.
The authors agree on the requirements of the open-access policy and Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International license. They also accept to disclaim the copyright of the study by submitting it to TUSED.
Since Authors acknowledge transferring the copyright of their studies to TUSED, the Editorial Board of TUSED holds the right to continue publication processes. Therefore, Author(s), who want to withdraw their submission, have to send an article withdrawal request to TUSED. Their withdrawal request will be evaluated by the Editorial Board of TUSED, and the decision will be sent to Author(s) within a week.
The following rights of Author(s) are reserved:

  • Patent rights,
  • All unregistered rights apart from copyright,
  • Duplication rights on condition that the study is not sold,
  • The right to use the whole or parts of the study in the author's own books or other academic studies on condition that reference is given,
  • The right to publish the study on personal websites or open archive of their university on condition that the copyright details are provided.